JavaScript must be enabled in order for you to use DMVNow in standard view. However, it seems JavaScript is either disabled or not supported by your browser. To use standard view, enable JavaScript by changing your browser options, then try again. To get the best experience, you'll need to upgrade to a modern browser.
Skip to Content
Agencies | Governor
Search Virginia.Gov

DMV Transient Ischemic Attack and/or Cerebral Vascular Accident Policy

It is the policy of the Department of Motor Vehicles, based on guidance and recommendations from the Medical Advisory Board, that if a regular driver (i.e., an individual holding a driver’s license, driver’s instruction permit, or motorcycle license) suffers a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), the driver will be suspended for 3 months.

If a regular driver (i.e., an individual holding a driver’s license, driver’s instruction permit, or motorcycle license) suffers a Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA), the driver will be suspended for 6 months because the recovery period is usually longer. This wait period may be shortened if DMV receives information from the health care provider indicating that the driver has fully recovered. These cases may be referred to the DMV Medical Advisory Board for its guidance and recommendations.

Driver rehabilitation is warranted if the driver has suffered paralysis or cognitive decline. If physical and cognitive information is not indicated in the Customer Medical Report (MED-2), DMV will request this information from the health care provider.

The driver is also required to furnish an updated Vision Report (MED-4) with an examination date that is not older than 90 days in accordance with Va. Code § 46.2-311.

Monitoring and Review of the Driver

The driver will be periodically reviewed every 6 months.

Commercial drivers

In the case of commercial drivers who suffer a TIA or CVA, DMV adheres to guidance from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).

DMV requires that the commercial driver undergo a full neurological examination to include the results of an EEG, completed vision report, and visual field analysis prior to return to driving.

Additional Documentation

DMV reserves the right to request that a driver provide additional information from a specialist in order to assess their ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.