DMV Transient Ischemic Attack and/or Cerebral Vascular Accident Policy
It is the policy of the Department of Motor Vehicles, based on guidance and recommendations from the Medical Advisory Board, that if a regular driver (i.e., an individual holding a driver’s license, driver’s instruction permit, or motorcycle license) suffers a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA), the driver will be suspended for 3 months.
If a regular driver (i.e., an individual holding a driver’s license, driver’s instruction permit, or motorcycle license) suffers a Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA), the driver will be suspended for 6 months because the recovery period is usually longer. This wait period may be shortened if DMV receives information from the health care provider indicating that the driver has fully recovered. These cases may be referred to the DMV Medical Advisory Board for its guidance and recommendations.
Driver rehabilitation is warranted if the driver has suffered paralysis or cognitive decline. If physical and cognitive information is not indicated in the Customer Medical Report (MED-2), DMV will request this information from the health care provider.
The driver is also required to furnish an updated Vision Report (MED-4) with an examination date that is not older than 90 days in accordance with Va. Code § 46.2-311.
Monitoring and Review of the Driver
The driver will be periodically reviewed every 6 months.
In the case of commercial drivers who suffer a TIA or CVA, DMV adheres to guidance from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).
DMV requires that the commercial driver undergo a full neurological examination to include the results of an EEG, completed vision report, and visual field analysis prior to return to driving.
DMV reserves the right to request that a driver provide additional information from a specialist in order to assess their ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.