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Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Medical Certification Requirements - FAQs

What are the self-certification categories?
There are four categories:
  • Excepted Interstate (EI)
  • Excepted Intrastate (EA)
  • Non-excepted Interstate (NI)
  • Non-excepted Intrastate (NA)
How do I determine which type of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) operation I should self-certify to?
In order to comply with the medical certification requirements, it is important to know how you are using your CMV. To help you decide, follow these steps:
(1) First, determine whether you operate a CMV in interstate or intrastate commerce:
Interstate commerce is when you drive a CMV:
  • From one State to another State or a foreign country;
  • Between two places within a State, but during part of the trip, the CMV crosses into another State or foreign country; or
  • Between two places within a State, but the cargo is part of a trip that began or will end in another State or foreign country
Intrastate commerce is when you drive a CMV within a State and you do not meet any of the descriptions above for interstate commerce.
(2) Once you have determined whether you operate or will operate in interstate or intrastate commerce, you must determine whether you operate (or expect to operate) in a non-excepted or excepted status. This decision will tell you to which of the four types of commerce you must self-certify.
You operate in excepted status when you drive a CMV only for the following excepted activities:
  • To transport school children and/or school staff between home and school;
  • As a federal, state or local government employee;
  • To transport human corpses or sick or injured persons;
  • Fire truck or rescue vehicle drivers during emergencies and other related activities;
  • Primarily in the transportation of propane winter heating fuel when responding to an emergency condition requiring immediate response, such as damage to a propane gas system after a storm or flooding;
  • In response to a pipeline emergency condition requiring immediate response, such as a pipeline leak or rupture;
  • In custom harvesting on a farm or to transport farm machinery and supplies used in the custom harvesting operation to and from a farm or to transport custom harvested crops to storage or market;
  • As a beekeeper in the seasonal transportation of bees;
  • Controlled and operated by a farmer, but is not a combination vehicle (power unit and towed unit), and is used to transport agricultural products, farm machinery or farm supplies (no placardable hazardous materials) to and from a farm and within 150 air-miles of the farm;
  • As a private motor carrier of passengers for non-business purposes; or
  • To transport migrant workers.
If you answered yes to one or more of the above activities as the only operation in which you drive, you operate in an excepted status and do not need a medical examiner's certificate.
If you answered no to all of the above activities, you operate in a non-excepted status and are required to provide a valid medical examiner's certificate (49 CFR 391.45) to DMV or have a Virginia state approval letter. Most CDL holders who drive CMVs are non-excepted interstate commerce drivers.
Note: If you operate in both an excepted status and a non-excepted status, you must choose the non-excepted status to be qualified to operate in both types of commerce.
How do I self-certify or change my self-certification category?
To self-certify to a different category, submit a CDL Self-Certification form (DL 8) or if you are applying for a CDL or Commercial Learner’s Permit, indicate the category on your Commercial Driver’s License Application (DL 2P).
I no longer drive a commercial motor vehicle but still have a CDL. Am I required to self-certify?
Yes, all existing CDL holders and applicants for a CDL or Commercial Learner’s Permit are required by law to self-certify. Based on your certification category, you may also be required to submit additional medical documentation.
I am required to carry my medical examiner's certificate and, if applicable, my medical variances/waivers/SPE. Why do I need to provide DMV with a copy of it?
Federal regulations and Virginia law require DMV to record and maintain a copy of all current medical examiner's certificates and variances/waivers/SPEs in its system.
Why do I need to have a new CDL issued to me if I have been granted a variance/waiver/SPE?
DMV is required by federal regulations to display a "V" restriction on a CDL for any driver that has been granted a variance/waiver/SPE.
What will happen if I do not self-certify or submit any required medical documents?
DMV is required by law to mark any record that does not comply with this requirement as "not certified" and initiate a downgrade of your CDL privilege after 30 days of expiration. If your CDL is downgraded for more than one year and you decide to reapply for your CDL, you will be required to complete all applicable CDL knowledge and road skills exams
How can I provide DMV with the CDL Self Certification form (DL 8) and any rquired medical document(s)?
There are four ways to submit your documents:
  1. Electronic
  2. Fax
    (804) 367-6692
  3. Mail
    • Department of Motor Vehicles
    • CDL/NDR Work Center,Room 420
    • PO Box 27412
    • Richmond, VA 23269
  4. In person at a DMV customer service center
How long will it take for my medical examiner's certificate to be updated in the system?
Your documents will be posted to your record within 10 business days or you will receive a phone call or email explaining why your documents cannot be processed.
How can I check the status of my self-certification or any documents DMV has on file for me?
You can view what we currently have on file for you by visiting and logging into your MyDMV Account.

For additional information regarding the medical certification requirements, refer to Medical Information or contact us.