All-Terrain Vehicles, Off-Road Motorcycles, Other
- All-terrain Vehicle
- Defined by Virginia Code § 46.2-100 as a motor vehicle having three or more wheels that is powered by a motor and is manufactured for off-highway use. This definition
does not include go-carts or any riding lawn mower.
- Farm Utility Vehicle
- Defined by Virginia State Code § 46.2-100 as a vehicle that is powered by a motor and is designed for off-road use and is used as a farm, agricultural, or horticultural service vehicle, generally having four or more wheels, bench seating for the operator and a passenger, a steering wheel for control, and a cargo bed. This definition does not include utility pickup or panel trucks, golf carts, low-speed vehicles, or riding lawn mowers.
- Described by Virginia State Code § 46.2-100 as having a
low center of gravity and typically used for racing on relatively level surfaces.
- Golf Cart
- Described by Virginia State Code § 46.2-100 as a self-propelled vehicle designed to transport persons playing golf and their equipment on a golf course.
- Off-road Motorcycle
- Defined by Virginia Code § 46.2-100 as any
motorcycle designed exclusively for off-road use by an individual rider with not more than two
wheels in contact with the ground.
- Utility Vehicle
- Defined by Virginia State Code § 46.2-100 as a motor vehicle that is designed for off-road use, powered by a motor, and used for general maintenance, security, agricultural, or horticultural purposes. This definition does not include riding lawn mowers.
- New all-terrain vehicles or off-road motorcycles powered by a
gasoline or diesel engine displacing more than 50 cubic centimeters must be titled. You may request to have
a used all-terrain vehicle or off-road motorcycle titled for the purpose of recording a lien, documenting
proof of ownership or any other reason. All-terrain vehicles and off-road motorcycles are not required to
- Operation of all-terrain vehicles on any public highway or other private property is prohibited by Virginia State
Code § 46.2-915.1, unless authorized by proper authorities, to the extent necessary
to cross a public highway by the most direct route, or operated by law-enforcement officers, firefighters, or emergency medical services responding to emergencies.
- Operators of all-terrain vehicles must be at least age 16. However, children between the age of 12 and 16 may operate
all-terrain vehicles if powered by engines of no more than 90 cubic centimeters displacement. Children less than age 12
may operate all-terrain vehicles powered by engines of no more than 70 cubic centimeters displacement.
- Any person operating an all-terrain vehicle must wear a protective helmet.
Titling Your ATV Or Off-Road Motorcycle
Follow the steps below to title your all-terrain vehicle or off-road motorcycle in Virginia.
Step 1. Present the following documents
- Completed "Application for Certificate of Title and Registration" (VSA-17A). You will not
have to provide the odometer reading for the all-terrain vehicle or off-road motorcycle.
- Manufacturer's Certificate of Origin (MCO) or Manufacturer's Statement of Origin (MSO). The motorcycle dealer
license number must be provided.
- Virginia title or out-of-state title signed over to you as the owner, if the vehicle is used and you would like
to title the vehicle. Virginia law does not require titling of used all-terrain vehicles or
- Bill of sale from selling dealer.
- Provide proof of address.
Step 2. Pay the following fees
- $15.00 titling fee.
Any all-terrain vehicle or off-road motorcycle purchased and used by a non-profit volunteer rescue squad is exempt from the titling fee. Proof must be provided that the rescue squad is registered as a non-profit volunteer squad.
- All-terrain vehicles or off-road motorcycles will be subject to the motor vehicle sales and use tax and exempt from the retail sales and use tax. The motor vehicle sales and use tax will be imposed on the vehicle’s sales price at the same rate as the retail sales and use tax. The motor vehicle sales tax rate will be levied in the following manner:
The minimum sales and use tax of $75 does not apply to all-terrain vehicles and off-road motorcycles. If you do not have proof of the sales price that you paid for the vehicle, the sales and use tax will be levied on the official NADA average retail value at the rate of seven percent in the Historic Triangle, six percent in Hampton Roads and Northern Virginia, and 5.3 percent everywhere else in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
- Seven percent in the Historic Triangle (City of Williamsburg, James City County and York County)
- Six percent in Hampton Roads, Northern Virginia and Central Virginia
- 5.3 percent everywhere else in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Step 3. Select electronic or paper title
- Instead of receiving the title in paper form, you may request that DMV retain an electronic record of the title
to ensure the safety of your title.
- If you select the electronic option, when you require a paper title, you may visit any customer service
center and request one. You will be required to show proof that you are the registered owner.
If no lien ever existed on the vehicle record and no paper title was previously issued, a one-time paper title
will be issued at no fee.
If a lien existed or a paper title was previously printed, the substitute
title fee will be charged.
Note: If the lien is an electronic lien and the lien has been released, a one-time paper title will be
issued at no fee, provided it has not been printed already.
- If you are unable to visit a customer service center, you may request
in writing or apply online to have a paper title sent to you.
The paper title will be mailed to your address on record with DMV, providing there are no held or stop conditions
on the record. Send your written request and payment (if applicable) to: